Diet is emerging as one of the leading influences on the health of our microbiome. We can manipulate the balance of our microbes by paying attention to what we eat (from TED-Ed).
In 2014, researchers comparing the National rugby team of Ireland and sedentary men reported in the journal Gut that being physically fit was associated with a greater diversity of gut bugs. But correlation vs causation was debated, as with many microbiome studies.
Newer research conducted in rodents has found that exercise, regardless of diet type, improved the makeup of the gut microbiome and raised the levels of butyrate, a short-chain fatty acid that nourishes the intestinal barrier and helps protect against colon cancer. Rob Knight, director of the Center for Microbiome Innovation at U.C. San Diego, told Vogue, “That people who move more have a more diverse microbiome is something that we noticed at my lab several years ago, but we couldn’t prove causality…these studies are incredibly exciting”
The newest research conducted by the same authors of the 2014 study showed that athletes had increases in beneficial fecal metabolites like short-chain fatty acids. “Our earlier work, also published in ‘Gut’, had shown that the microbiome of the athletes differed in composition from that of non-athletes, but now we have found that functional behaviour of the microbiome separates the athletes and controls to an even greater degree,” said Professor Fergus Shanahan, one of the study’s lead authors.
Food choices are the most important cause of poor health in the United States. But food-as-medicine is still fringe medicine, a practice more likely to be found at a few specialized clinics rather than in the halls of academic medical institutions.(more…)
Most people overreport their consumption of healthy foods and underreport unhealthy foods. A new diet test may one day be able to figure out what you eat.(more…)
Today we are learning more about the molecular pathways underlying aging and how the foods we eat can affect these pathways to slow down or speed up the clock. We do have an anti-aging secret, one that can keep us young inside and out, and it’s the best-kept one to date.(more…)
Lifestyle choices, including the food you eat, can help prevent or treat acid reflux. Some quick tips:
- Manage stress
- Get good sleep
- Maintain a healthy weight
- Avoid smoking
- Avoid or limit spicy, fried or fatty foods, chocolate, onions, garlic, citrus fruits and juices, tomato-based foods like pizza, caffeine, alcohol
- Eat whole foods high in fiber. They can protect against acid reflux and esophageal cancer
- Eat small meals and avoid overeating
- Don’t lie down after a meal and don’t eat too close to bedtime
- If you have heartburn at night or while trying to sleep, elevate the head of your bed
Read the full Brit & Co article here
In general, most cases of acute diarrhea are infectious and more likely viral than bacterial. As diarrhea persists, noninfectious causes become more common. Inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome and malabsorption syndromes can all cause diarrhea. Food can also be responsible for gastrointestinal symptoms. Common foods that cause diarrhea include sugar substitutes, coffee, alcohol, dairy, wheat, FODMAPs, spicy food and fast food. Read the full Prevention article here.(more…)
Specific diet plans are often prescribed for gastrointestinal symptoms like bloating or gastrointestinal diseases like short bowel syndrome, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and motility disorders. These diets often involve manipulating the amount of fiber, FODMAPs and fat you eat(more…)
What you choose to eat and drink is crucial for improving symptoms from short bowel syndrome, enhancing absorption of nutrients and preventing dehydration. A few simple guidelines can make a big difference in your health.(more…)
It’s never too early, but it can be too late to refer a patient for a small bowel transplant evaluation. There is a high risk of death among patients waiting for intestinal transplants, so early referral of patients with risk factors is important.(more…)